金巴黎彩票

安徽索立德鑄業有限公司

郵箱:[email protected]

金巴黎彩票DIANHUA:18156565099(WEIXINTONGHAO)

tu2
當前位置:鑄造廠 > 鑄造百科知識 > 鑄造技術 > 文章頁面

【漲知識】特種鑄造6大分類

來源:本站整理 秩名 2016-05-30 瀏覽
0

【漲知識】特種鑄造6大分類,不知道你知道多少呢,作為業務員來說不一定要全懂,但一定要知道有那么事,特種鑄造是指與砂型鑄造不同的其它鑄造方法。可列入特種鑄造的方法有近二十種,常用的有金屬型鑄造、壓力鑄造、低壓鑄造、熔模鑄造、離心鑄造、陶瓷型鑄造、消失模鑄造等。特種鑄造在提高鑄件精度和表面質量、提高生產率、改善勞動條件等方面具有獨特的優點。

一、 金屬型鑄造

【JINSHUXINGZHUZAO】SHIZHIZAIZHONGLIDEZUOYONGXIAJIANGYETAIJINSHUJIAORUJINSHUXINGZHONGHUODEZHUJIANDEFANGFA。JINSHUXINGKELIANXUSHIYONGJIQIANCIZHISHUWANCI,SUOYIYECHENG“YONGJIUXING”。

1.金屬型的材料與結構

金巴黎彩票 JINSHUXINGCHANGCAIYONGZHUTIEHUOZHUGANGZHIZAO,ANFENXINGMIANBUTONG,JINSHUXINGYOUZHENGTISHI、CHUIZHIFENXINGSHI、SHUIPINGFENXINGSHIDENG。XIATUWEICHUIZHIFENXINGSHIJINSHUXINGDEJIEGOU。YOUDIZUO、DINGXING、DONGXINGDENGBUFENZUCHENG,JIAOZHUXITONGZAICHUIZHIDEFENXINGMIANSHANG,WEIGAISHANJINSHUXINGDETONGQIXING,ZAIFENXINGMIANCHUKAIYOU 0.2mm~0.4mmSHENDETONGQICAO。YIDONGDONGXING、HESHANGZHUXINGHOUJINXINGJIAOZHU,ZHUJIANNINGGUHOUYIKAIDONGXINGQUCHUZHUJIAN。

 

垂直分型式金屬型

CHUIZHIFENXINGSHIJINSHUXING

2.金屬型鑄造工藝要點

金巴黎彩票 YOUYUJINSHUXINGDEDAOREKUAI、WUTUIRANGXING、WUTOUQIXING,SHIZHUJIANYICHUXIANLENGGEYUJIAOBUDAO、LIEWEN、QIKONGDENGQUEXIAN。YINCIJINSHUXINGZHUZAOBIXUCAIQUYIDINGDEGONGYICUOSHI:JIAOZHUQIANYINGJIANGZHUXINGYURE,BINGZAINEIQIANGPENSHUAYICENGHOU 0.3mm~0.4mmDETULIAO,YIFANGCHUXIANLENGGEYUJIAOBUDAOQUEXIAN,BINGYANCHANGJINSHUXINGDESHOUMING;ZHUJIANNINGGUHOUYINGJISHIKAIXING、QUCHUZHUJIAN,YIFANGZHUJIANKAILIEHUOQUCHUZHUJIANKUNNAN。

3.金屬型鑄造的特點及應用范圍

金屬型使用壽命長,可“一型多鑄”,提高生產率;鑄件的晶粒細小、組織致密,力學性能比砂型鑄件高約25%;鑄件的尺寸精度高、表面質量好;鑄造車間無粉塵和有害氣體的污染,勞動條件改善。金屬型鑄造的不足之處是金屬型制造周期長、成本高、工藝要求高,且不能生產形狀復雜的薄壁鑄件,否則易出現澆不足和冷隔等缺陷;受鑄型材料的限制,澆注高熔點的鑄鋼件鑄鐵件時,金屬型的壽命低。

金巴黎彩票 MUQIANJINSHUXINGZHUZAOZHUYAOYONGYUDAPILIANGSHENGCHANXINGZHUANGJIANDANDELV、TONG、MEIDENGFEITIEJINSHUJIHEJINZHUJIAN。RULVHEJINHUOSAI、YOUBENGKETI,TONGHEJINZHOUWA、ZHOUTAODENG。

二、 壓力鑄造

金巴黎彩票 【YALIZHUZAO】SHIZHIRONGRONGJINSHUZAIGAOYAXIAKUAISUYARUZHUXINGZHONG,BINGZAIYALIXIANINGGUDEZHUZAOFANGFA,JIANCHENG“YAZHU”。CHANGYONGDEYASHEBIYAWEI 5~150MPa,CHONGXINGSUDUWEI0.5~50m/s,CHONGXINGSHIJIANWEI0.01~0.2s。

1、壓力鑄造工藝過程

YAZHUGONGYISHIZAIZHUANMENDEYAZHUJISHANGWANCHENGDE,YAZHUJIDEZHUYAOLEIXINGYOULENGYASHIYAZHUJIHEREYASHIYAZHUJILIANGLEI。XIATUWEIWOSHILENGSHIYAZHUJIGONGYIGUOCHENGSHIYITU。LENGSHIYAZHUJIDERONGHUALUYUYASHIFENKAI,YASHIHEYASHECHONGTOUBUJINYURONGRONGJINSHUZHONG,JIAOZHUSHIJIANGDINGLIANGDERONGRONGJINSHUJIAODAOYASHIZHONG,RANHOUJINXINGYASHE。YAZHUJIZHUYAOYOUHEXINGJIGOU、YASHEJIGOUHEDINGCHUJIGOUZUCHENG,YAZHUJIDEGUIGETONGCHANGYIHEXINGLIDEDAXIAOLAIBIAOSHIDE。

 

臥式冷室式壓鑄機

金巴黎彩票 WOSHILENGSHISHIYAZHUJI

 

臥式冷室式壓鑄機工作原理圖

金巴黎彩票 ZHURUJINSHU       YAZHU        CHOUXIN        DINGCHUZHUJIAN

WOSHILENGSHISHIYAZHUJIGONGZUOYUANLITU

2、壓力鑄造的特點及適用范圍

壓力鑄造具有如下特點:生產率高,便于實現自動化;鑄件的精度高、表面質量好;組織細密、性能好;能鑄出形狀復雜的薄壁鑄件。但壓力鑄造設備金巴黎彩票投資大,壓鑄型制造周期長、成本高;受壓型材料熔點的限制,目前不能用于高熔點鑄鐵和鑄鋼件的生產;由于澆注速度大,常有氣孔殘留于鑄件內,因此鑄件不宜熱處理,以防氣體受熱膨脹,導致鑄件變形破裂。

MUQIANYALIZHUZAOZHUYAOYONGYUDAPILIANGSHENGCHANLV、XIN、TONG、MEIDENGFEITIEJINSHUYUHEJINJIAN。RUQICHE、YIBIAO、JISUANJI、HANGKONG、MOTUOCHE、RIYONGPINDENGXINGYEGELEIZHONGXIAOXINGBOBIZHUJIAN,RUFADONGJIQIGANGTI、QIGANGGAI、YIBIAOKETI、DIANDONGZHUANZI、ZHAOXIANGJIKETI、GELEIGONGYIPIN、ZHUANGSHIPINDENG。

 

常見壓鑄件

CHANGJIANYAZHUJIAN

三、熔模鑄造

【RONGMOZHUZAO】SHIYONGYIRONGCAILIAOZHICHENGMOYANG,ZAIMOYANGSHANGTUGUARUOGANCENGNAIHUOTULIAO,DAIYINGHUAHOURONGCHUMOYANGXINGCHENGWUFENXINGMIANDEXINGKE,JINGGAOWENBEISHAOHOUJIKEJIAOZHUHUODEZHUJIANDEFANGFA。YOUYUYIRONGCAILIAOTONGCHANGCAIYONGLALIAO,GUZHEZHONGFANGFAYOUCHENGWEI“SHILAZHUZAO”。

1、 熔模鑄造的工藝過程

金巴黎彩票 RONGMOZHUZAODEZHUYAOGONGYIGUOCHENGRUTUSUOSHI。

(1)LAMOZHIZAO  SHOUXIANGENJUZHUJIANDEXINGZHUANGHECHICUN,YONGGANG、TONGHUOLVHEJINZHIZAOYAXING;RANHOUBARONGHUACHENGHUZHUANGDELAZHICAILIAO(CHANGYONG50%SHILA+50%YINGZHISUAN)YARUYAXINGZHONG,DAILENGQUENINGGUHOUQUCHU,XIUQUFENXINGMIANSHANGDEMAOCIHOUDEDAODANGEDELAMO;WEINENGYICIZHUCHUDUOGEZHUJIAN,KEJIANGDUOGELAMOZHANHEZAIYIGELAZHIDEJIAOZHUXITONGSHANG,GOUCHENGLAMOZU。

(2)XINGKEZHIZAO  ZAILAMOZUSHANGTUGUANAIHUOTULIAOCENGYIZHICHENGJUYOUYIDINGQIANGDUDENAIHUOXINGKE。SHOUXIANJIANGLAMOJINRUTULIAOZHONG(SHIYINGFEN+SHUIBOLI、GUISUANYIZHIDENG);QUCHUHOUSASHANGSHIYINGFEN(SHA);ZAIJINRULVHUAANDERONGYEZHONGJINXINGYINGHUA。ZHONGFUSHANGSHUGUOCHENG4~6CI,ZHICHENG5~10mmHOUDENAIHUOXINGKE。DAIXINGKEGANZAOHOU,ZHIYU90~95℃DERESHUIZHONGJINPAO,RONGCHULALIAOJIDEDAOYIGEZHONGKONGDEXINGKE。

(3)BEISHAO、JIAOZHU  JIANGXINGKEZAI850~950℃DELUNEIJINXINGBEISHAO,QUCHUCANLIUDELALIAOHESHUIFEN,BINGTIGAOXINGKEDEQIANGDU;JIANGBEISHAOHOUDEXINGKECHENREZHIYUSHAXIANGZHONG,BINGZAIQIZHOUWEITIANCHONGSHAZIHUOTIEWANGUDINGZHI,JIKEJINXINGJIAOZHU。

RONGMOZHUZAODEZHUYAOGONGYIGUOCHENGRUTUSUOSHI。

 

熔模鑄造工藝示意圖

金巴黎彩票 RONGMOZHUZAOGONGYISHIYITU

2、 熔模鑄造的特點及應用

金巴黎彩票 RONGMOZHUZAOSHIYIZHONGJINGMIZHUZAOGONGYI,ZHUJIANDECHICUNJINGDUGAO、BIAOMIANZHILIANGHAO;SHIYINGXINGQIANG,NENGSHENGCHANCHUXINGZHUANGTEBIEFUZADEZHUJIAN,SHIHEYUGAORONGDIANHENANQIEXUEHEJIN,SHENGCHANPILIANGBUSHOUXIANZHI。DANRONGMOZHUZAODEGONGYIFUZA、SHENGCHANZHOUQICHANG、CHENGBENGAO,BUSHIYIDAJIANZHUZAO。

熔模鑄造適合于形狀復雜、精密的中小型鑄件(質量一般不超過 25kg);可生產高熔點、難切削的合金鑄件。如用于形狀復雜的渦輪發電機、增壓器、汽輪機的葉片和葉輪,復雜刀具等,可生產各種不銹鋼、耐熱鋼、磁鋼等的精密鑄件

四、離心鑄造

【LIXINZHUZAO】SHIZHIJIANGJINSHUJIAORURAOSHUIPING、QINGXIEHUOLIZHOUXUANZHUANDEZHUXING,ZAILIXINLIDEZUOYONGXIANINGGUCHENGZHUJIANDEZHUZAOFANGFA。 LIXINZHUZAODUOYONGYUJIANDANDEYUANTONGTI,ZHUZAOSHIBUYONGXINGXINBIANKEXINGCHENGNEIKONG。

1.離心鑄造方法

LIXINZHUZAOJIANXUANZHUANZHOUDEFANGWEIBUTONG,KEFENWEILISHI、WOSHIHEQINGXIESHISANZHONGLEIXING。XIATUWEILISHIHEWOSHILIXINZHUZAOFA。LISHIJISHIYIZHUZAOZHIJINGDAYUGAODUDEYUANHUANLEIZHUJIAN,WOSHIJISHIYIZHUZAOCHANGDUDAYUZHIJINGDETAOLEIHEGUANLEIZHUJIAN。

 

臥式離心鑄造機

WOSHILIXINZHUZAOJI

 

離心鑄造方法

LIXINZHUZAOFANGFA

2.離心鑄造的特點及應用

LIXINZHUZAOKESHENGQUJIAOZHUXITONGHEXINGXIN,BISHAXINGZHUZAOSHENGGONGSHENGLIAO,SHENGCHANLVGAO,CHENGBENDI;ZHUJIANZAILIXINLIDEZUOYONGXIAJIEJING,ZUZHIZHIMI,JIBENSHANGWUSUOKONG、QIKONGDENGQUEXIAN,LIXUEXINGNENGHAO;BIANYUSHUANGJINSHUZHUJIANDEZHUZAO。DANZHUJIANDENEIKONGCHICUNWUCHADA、BIAOMIANCUCAO;ZHUJIANDEBIZHONGPIANXIDA,JINSHUZHONGDERONGZHADENGMIDUXIAODEJIAZAWUYIJIZHONGZAINEIBIAOMIAN。

金巴黎彩票 LIXINZHUZAOGUANGFANYONGYUDAKOUJINGZHUTIEGUAN、GANGTAO、SHUANGJINSHUZHOUCHENG、HUOSAIHUAN、TESHUGANGWUFENGGUANPIDENGDESHENGCHAN。

五、陶瓷型鑄造

【TAOCIXINGZHUZAO】SHIZHIYONGTAOCIZHINAIHUOCAILIAOZHICHENGZHUXINGERHUODEZHUJIANDEFANGFA。SHIZAISHAXINGZHUZAOHERONGMOZHUZAODEJICHUSHANGFAZHANQILAIDEYIZHONGJINGMIZHUZAOXINGONGYI。

1.陶瓷型鑄造的工藝過程

金巴黎彩票 WEIJIESHENGJIAGAODETAOCICAILIAO,XIANYONGSHATAOMOYANG、PUTONGSHUIBOLISHAZHICHENGYIGEXINGQIANGSHAODAYUZHUJIANDESHATAO;RANHOUYONGZHUJIANMOYANG、TAOCICAILIAO(RUGAOYINGFEN、GANGYU、LVFANTU +GUISUANYIZHISHUIJIEYE),JINGGUANJIANG、JIEJIAO、BEISHAODENGGONGYIZHICHENGTAOCIZHUXING。GONGYIGUOCHENGRUTUSUOSHI:

 

陶瓷型鑄造工藝過程

金巴黎彩票 (a)MOYANG (b)SHATAOZAOXING (c)GUANJIANG (d)PENSHAO (e)HEXING (f)ZHUJIAN

金巴黎彩票 TAOCIXINGZHUZAOGONGYIGUOCHENG

2.陶瓷型鑄造特點及應用

TAOCIXINGDECAILIAOYURONGMOZHUZAODEKEXINGXIANGSI,GUZHUJIANDEJINGDUHEBIAOMIANZHILIANGYURONGMOZHUZAOXIANGDANG;KESHIHEYUGAORONGDIAN、NANJIAGONGCAILIAODEZHUZAO;ERQIEYURONGMOZHUZAOXIANGBI,ZHUJIANDAXIAOJIBENBUSHOUXIANZHI,GONGYIJIANDAN、TOUZISHAO、SHENGCHANZHOUQIDUAN。DANTAOCIXINGZHUZAOYUANCAILIAOJIAGEGUI,YINYOUGUANJIANGGONGXU,BUSHIYIYUZHUZAODAPILIANG、XINGZHUANGFUZADEZHUJIAN,QIESHENGCHANGONGYIGUOCHENGNANYISHIXIANZIDONGHUAHEJIXIEHUA。

金巴黎彩票 TAOCIXINGZHUZAOSHIYIYUZHIZAOXIAOPILIANG、JIAODACHICUNDEJINGMIZHUJIAN,JIAODUOYONGYUGEZHONGMOJUDESHENGCHAN(RUJINSHUXING、YAZHUMO、SULIAOMO、DUANMODENG),HUANYONGYUSHENGCHANPENZUI、YASUOJIZHUANZI、FATI、CHILUN、ZHANTANYONGZHANTOU、KAIZAOSUIDAOYONGDAOJUDENG。

六、實型鑄造

【SHIXINGZHUZAO】YOUCHENGXIAOSHIMOZHUZAOHUOQIHUAMOZHUZAO。YINGWENMINGWEI Expendable Pattern CastingHUOSUOXIEEPC。QIYUANLISHIYONGPAOMOSULIAODAITIMUMOHEJINSHUMOYANG,ZAOXINGHOUBUQUCHUMOYANG,DANGJIAORUGAOWENJINSHUYESHIPAOMOSULIAOMOYANGQIHUAXIAOSHI,JINSHUYETIANCHONGMOYANGDEWEIZHI,LENGQUENINGGUHOUHUODEZHUJIANDEFANGFA。XIATUWEISHIXINGZHUZAOGONGYIGUOCHENGSHIYITU。

金巴黎彩票 SHIXINGZHUZAOSHIBUYONGQIMO、BUYONGXINGXIN、BUHEXING,DADAJIANHUALEZAOXINGGONGYI,BINGJIANSHAOLEYOUZHIXIN、QUMO、HEXINGYINQIDEZHUZAOQUEXIANJIFEIPIN;YOUYUCAIYONGLEGANSHAZAOXING,SHISHACHULIXITONGDADAJIANHUA,JIYISHIXIANLUOSHA,GAISHANLAODONGTIAOJIAN;YOUYUBUFENXING,ZHUJIANWUFEICHIMAOCI,SHIQINGLIDAMOGONGZUOLIANGJIANSHAO 50%YISHANG。DANSHIXINGZHUZAOQIHUAMOZAOCHENGKONGQIWURAN;PAOMOSULIAOMOJUSHEJISHENGCHANZHOUQICHANG,CHENGBENGAO,YINERYAOQIUCHANPINYOUXIANGDANGDEPILIANGHOUCAIYOUJINGJIXIAOYI;SHENGCHANDACHICUNDEZHUJIANSHI,YOUYUMOYANGYIBIANXING,XUCAIQUSHIDANGDEFANGBIANXINGCUOSHI。

金巴黎彩票 SHIXINGZHUZAOSHIYONGYUGELEIHEJIN(GANG、TIE、TONG、LVDENGHEJIN),SHIHEYUJIEGOUFUZA(ZHUJIANDEXINGZHUANGKEXIANGDANGFUZA)、NANYIQIMOHUOHUOKUAIHEWAIXINJIAODUODEZHUJIAN,RUMOJU、QIGANGTOU、GUANJIAN、QUZHOU、XIELUN、KETI、YISHUPIN、CHUANGSHEN、JIZUODENG。

 

實型鑄造過程示意圖

金巴黎彩票 SHIXINGZHUZAOGUOCHENGSHIYITU

    專業鑄造-鑄就精品---安徽索立德鑄業有限公司

    ANHUISUOLIDEZHUYEYOUXIANGONGSI

    BAOJIADIANHUA:18156565099

    金巴黎彩票DIZHI:ANHUISHENGHEXIANJINGJIKAIQUYUXIHELU

    版權所有 皖ICP備15014019號

    鑄造廠:imitatewatch.com

    41.2K
    拉菲彩票 拉菲彩票 贵州快3 贵州快3 陕西11选5 甘肃11选5 新疆11选5 新疆11选5