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熔煉與鑄造除氣和脫氧技術

來源:本站整理 秩名 2016-06-06 瀏覽
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金巴黎彩票 ZAIZHUZAOZHONGHUICHANSHENGQITI,ZHUYAOLAILUQI、LULIAO、NAIHUOCAILIAO、RONGJIYIJICAOZUOGONGJUDENGSUOCHANSHENG,ZAIZHUZAOGUOCHENGZHONGXUYAODUIQITIJINXINGCHUQICHULI,BENWENJIANGJIURONGLIANYUZHUZAOCHUQIHETUOYANGJISHUJINXINGTAOLUN。

熔煉

一、氣體的來源

NENGRONGJIEYUJINSHUZHONGDEQITI,ZHUYAOSHIQINGHEYANG。ZAIRONGLIANGUOCHENGZHONG,QITIDEZHUYAOLAIYUANYOU:

1、LUQI:FEIZHENKONGRONGLIANSHI,LUQISHIJINSHUZHONGQITIDEZHUYAOLAIYUAN。ZAILUQIZHONGCHUHANYOUYANG、DANWAI,HUANHANYOUSHUIQI、QING、YIYANGHUATAN、ERYANGHUATAN、ERYANGHUALIUHETANQINGHUAHEWUDENG。LUQIDECHENGFENSUISHIYONGDERANLIAOHERANSHAODEQINGKUANGDEBUTONGERBIANHUA;RUYIZHONGYOUHUOMEIQIZUORANLIAODEFANSHELUHUOGANGUOLUZHONG,CHANGHANYOU5-10%DESHUIQIHEJIAODUODEQING、YIYANGHUATANDENG。

2、LULIAO:DIANJIEJINSHUBIAOMIANDADOUYOUCANLIUDIANJIEYE,JIAGONGCHEJIANFANHUILIAODADOUHANYOUYOU、SHUI、RUYEDENG。WAILAIFEILIAODADOUYOUSHUIFUSHIWU、XIUSHIDENG。TEBIESHILUTIANDUIFANGHECHAOSHIJIJIE,LULIAOBIAOMIANXIFUYOUSHUIFEN。ZHEXIEDOUHUISHIJINSHUZAIRONGLIANGUOCHENGZHONGXISHOUJIAODUODEQING。

3、 NAIHUOCAILIAO:NAIHUOCAILIAOZHONGSUOHANSHUIFENYENENGCUSHIJINSHUXIQI,XINLUKAISHISHENGCHANSHIYOUWEIYANZHONG。

4、 RONGJI:XUDUORONGJIDOUDAIYOUSHUIFEN,QIZHONGYIXIE(RUMUTAN、MIKANGDENG)HANYOUXIFUDESHUIFEN,YOUXIERONGJI(RUPENGSHA)BENSHENDAIYOUJIEJINGSHUI。WEIJIANSHAORONGLIANGUOCHENGZHONGQITIDELAIYUAN,RONGJIYINGJINXINGGANZAOHUOTUOSHUICHULI。

金巴黎彩票 5、CAOZUOGONGJU:CAOZUOGONGJUYUREBUCHEDI,YEHUIZENGJIAJINSHUDEHANQILIANG。

二、氣體的溶解過程及溶解度

金巴黎彩票 QITIZAIJINSHUZHONGRONGJIEDU:JINSHUZAIGUTISHI,QITIDERONGJIEDUHENXIAO,SUIZHUWENDUDESHANGSHENGRONGJIEDUHUANMANZENGJIA,DAORONGDIANWENDUSHIRONGJIEDUJIJUZENGJIA,JIXUTIGAORONGRONGJINSHUDEWENDU,QITIRONGJIEDUJIXUZENGJIA,DAOMOUYIZUIDADIANHOUKAISHIXIAJIANG,DAOJINSHUDEFEIDIANWENDUSHI,QITIRONGJIEDUJIHUDENGYULING。

BUTONGDEHEJINYUANSUDUIQITIZAIHEJINZHONGDERONGJIEDUDEYINGXIANGYEBUTONG,MOUXIEYUANSURUNIEDENGYUQITIYOUJIAODADEJIEHELI,SHIHEJINZHONGDEQITIDERONGJIEDUZENGJIA。LINGSHANGXIEYUANSURULV、XIDENGNENGSHIQITIZAIHEJINZHONGDERONGJIEDUJIANGDI。TONGHEJINZHONGHEJINYUANSUDUIQINGQIRONGJIEDUDEYINGXIANGRUXIA:

金巴黎彩票 Cu+Ni > Cu+Pb > Cu+Ag > Cu+Au > Cu+Sn > Cu+Al

三、除氣方法:

1、 QITICHUQIFA:YIZHONGWEIDUOXINGQITI(RUN2DENG),LINGYIZHONGSHIHUOPOQITI(RUCl2DENG)QIPAOYUEXIAO,SHULIANGYUEDUO,DUICHUQISHIYOUYIDE。DANYOUYUQIPAOSHANGFUDESUDUDA,TONGGUORONGTIDESHIJIANDUAN,QIEQIPAOBUKENENGJUNYUNFENBUYUZHENGGERONGTIZHONG,GUYONGCIFACHUQIBURONGYICHEDI;SUIZHURONGTIZHONGHANQINGLIANGDEJIANSHAO,QUQIXIAOGUOXIANZHUJIANGDI。

金巴黎彩票 2、 RONGJICHUQIFA:RONGJICHUQISHILIYONGRONGYANDEREFENJIEHUOYUJINSHUJINXINGZHIHUANFANYING,CHANSHENGBURONGYURONGTIDEHUIFAXINGQIPAOERJIANGQINGCHUQU。RULVQINGTONGCHANGYONGBINGJINGSHIRONGJICHUQI,BAITONGHENIEHEJINCHANGYONGYINGSHI、PENGSHA、TANSUANGAIDENGRONGJICHUQI。RONGJIJINGLIANSHI,YIBANJIANGGANZAODERONGJIYONGDAIKONGZHAOYARURONGCHIZHONG。WEILETIGAOCHUQUXIAOGUO,YEKECAIYONGGANZAODANQIJIANGFENZHUANGRONGJICHUIRURONGCHIZHONG。RONGJIZAICHUQIDETONGSHI,HUANKEQUZHA。

3、 FEITENGCHUQI:ZAIGONGPINLURONGLIANGAOXINHUANGTONGSHICHANGYONGDEYIZHONGFANGFA。DANXUJUBEILIANGGETIAOJIAN:YISHIGAOXINHUANGTONGDEFEITENGWENDUJIAODI,ERSHIRONGGOUBUFENRONGTIWENDUJIAOGAO。TONGXINHEJINDEFEITENGWENDUSUIXINHANLIANGDEZENGJIAERJIANGDI。

YOUYUGONGPINLUZHONGRONGGOUBUFENRONGTIWENDUZUIGAO,SHOUXIANXINGCHENGXINDEZHENGQIPAOSUIJISHANGFU。BANZHURONGCHIWENDUDESHENGGAO,LUTANGNEIDEZHENGQIYAYESUIZHUJIANTIGAO;DANGWENDUSHENGGAODAOZHENGGERONGCHIJIEJINXINDEFEIDIANSHI,SHENZHISHIZHENGGERONGCHIBIAOMIANCHUXIANMAOPAO。DANGRONGCHISHANGMIANDEZHENGQIYASHENGGAODAOCHAOGUODAQIYASHI,XINZHENGQIBIANXIANGLUKOUPENCHU,BEIYANGHUARANSHAO,XINGCHENGFEITENGDEPENHUOXIANXIANG。CISHUYUEDUO,CHUQIXIAOGUOYUEHAO,YIBAN2-3CIJIKE。HANXINLIANGXIAOYU20%DEHUANGTONG,BUNENGLIYONGFEITENGCHUQI。QUEDIANZAIYUDIFEIDIANJINSHUYUANSU(RUXINDENG)SUNHAOJIAODA。

金巴黎彩票 4、 QITACHUQIFA:1)LENGNINGCHUQI;2)ZHENDANGCHUQI;3)ZHILIUDIANJIECHUQI

四、脫氧過程

金巴黎彩票 SHIJINSHURONGTIZHONGDEYANGHUAWUHUANYUANERCHUQUYANGDEGUOCHENGCHENGWEITUOYANG。RONGRONGJINSHUJIHEJINZHONGDETUOYANGGUOCHENGSHUYUZHIHUANFANYING,FANZAICAOZUOTIAOJIANXIA,NENGCONGRONGRONGJINSHUZHONGQUDEYANGDERENHEWUZHI,JIYANGHUAWUDEFENJIEYABIBEITUOYANGJINSHUYANGHUAWUDEFENJIEYAWEIDIDEYUANSU,YIBANDOUKEZUOWEITUOYANGJI。

五、脫氧劑

FENWEIBIAOMIANTUOYANGJIHERONGJIEYUJINSHUDETUOYANGJILIANGZHONG。BIAOMIANTUOYANGJIJIBENSHANGBURONGYUJINSHU,TUOYANGZUOYONGJINZAIYUJINSHUJIECHUDEBIAOMIANJINXING,TUOYANGSUDUJIAOMAN。TADEYOUDIANBURONGYUJINSHU,TUOYANGJIBUHUIYINGXIANGJINSHUDEZHILIANG。CHANGYONGDEBIAOMIANTUOYANGJIYOU:TANHUAGAI、PENGHUAMEI、MUTAN、PENG (B2O3)DENG。

金巴黎彩票 RONGYUJINSHUDETUOYANGJI,NENGZAIZHENGGERONGCHIZHONGYURONGRONGJINSHUZHONGDEYANGHUAWUXIANGHUZUOYONG,TUOYANGXIAOGUOHAODEDUO。QUEDIANSHISHENGYUDETUOYANGJIJIANGLIUYUJINSHUZHONGERYINGXIANGJINSHUDEXINGNENG。CHANGYONGDETUOYANGJIYOU:LIN、GUI、MENG、LV、MEI、GAI、TAI、LIDENG。ZHEXIEYUANSUKEYIZHONGJIANHEJINDEXINGSHIJIARU。TUOYANGFANYINGSUOCHANSHENGDEXIXIAOGUTIYANGHUAWU,SHIJINSHUDEZHANDUZENGDA,HUOCHENGWEIJINSHUZHONGFENBUBUJUNYUNDEJIAZAWU,GUYINGKONGZHIJIARULIANG。

對脫氧劑的要求:

1. DUIJINSHUHUOHEJINDEXINGNENGWUHAI。

金巴黎彩票 2. TUOYANGCHANWUZUIHAOBURONGYURONGRONGJINSHU,QIERONGYICHUQU。

金巴黎彩票 3. TUOYANGJIYINGZUGOUHUOPO,JITUOYANGCHANWUYINGYURONGRONGJINSHUZAIBIZHONGHERONGDIANSHANGYOUJIAODADECHABIE。

TONGLINZHONGJIANHEJINCHUNENGTUOYANGWAI,BINGNENGGAISHANHEJINDELIUDONGXING,ZAITONGHEJINSHENGCHANZHONGYINGYONGJIAOGUANG。

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