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這三大因素是模具變形的關鍵所在

來源:未知 佚名 2018-01-13 瀏覽
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       目前,在模具制造中,已開始應用電火花加工、成型磨削、線切割等新工藝,較好地解決了復雜模具的加工和熱處理變形問題。然而,這些新工藝由于受到各種條件的限制,尚未能普遍應用。因此,如何減少模具的熱處理變形,目前仍是一個很重要的問題。

YIBANMOJUYAOQIUJINGDUJIAOGAO,JINGRECHULIYIHOU,YOUBUBIANYUSHENZHIBUKENENGZAIJINXINGJIAGONGHEXIAOZHENG,YINCI,ZAIRECHULIHOU,JISHIZUZHIXINGNENGYIDADAOYAOQIU,DANRUBIANXINGCHAOCHA,RENGRANYINWUFAWANJIUERBAOFEI,ZHEYANGBUJINYINGXIANGSHENGCHAN,ERQIEHUANZAOCHENGJINGJISHANGDESUNSHI。

YOUGUANRECHULIBIANXINGDEYIBANGUILV,ZHELIBUZUOTAOLUN,YIXIAZHENDUIYINGXIANGMOJUBIANXINGDEYIXIEYINSUZUOJIANYAODEFENXI。

 

模具材料對熱處理變形的影響

CAILIAODUIRECHULIBIANXINGDEYINGXIANG,BAOKUOGANGDEHUAXUECHENGFENJIYUANSHIZUZHILIANGFANGMIANDEYINGXIANG。

金巴黎彩票 CONGCAILIAOBENSHENLAIKAN,ZHUYAOTONGGUOCHENGFENDUICUITOUXING、MsDIANDENGDEYINGXIANGERYINGXIANGRECHULIBIANXING。

TANSUGONGJUGANGZAIZHENGCHANGCUIHUOWENDUJINXINGSHUI-YOUSHUANGYECUIHUOSHI,ZAIMsDIANYISHANGCHANSHENGHENDADEREYINGLI;DANGLENGDAOMsDIANYIXIASHI,AOSHITIXIANGMASHITIZHUANBIAN,CHANSHENGZUZHIYINGLI,DANYOUYUTANSUGONGJUGANGCUITOUXINGCHA,SUOYIZUZHIYINGLIDESHUZHIBUDA。JIASHANGQIMsDIANBUGAO,ZAIFASHENGMASHITIZUZHIZHUANBIANSHI,GANGDESUXINGYIJINGHENCHA,BUYIFASHENGSUXINGBIANXING,YINCI,JIUBAOLIULEREYINGLIZUOYONGSUOZAOCHENGDEBIANXINGTEZHENG,MOJUXINGQIANGQUXIANGSHOUSUO。DANRUOCUIHUOWENDUTIGAO(>850℃),YEKENENGYINZUZHIYINGLIQIZHUDAOZUOYONG,ERSHIXINGQIANGQUXIANGYUZHANGDA。

ZAIYONG9Mn2V,9SiCr,CrWMn,GCr15GANGDENGDIHEJINGONGJUGANGZHIZUOMOJUSHI,QICUIHUOBIANXINGGUILVYUTANSUGONGJUGANGXIANGSI,DANBIANXINGLIANGYAOBITANSUGONGJUGANGYAOXIAO。

金巴黎彩票 DUIYUYIXIEGAOHEJINGANG,RUCr12MoVGANGDENG,YOUYUQITANJIHEJINYUANSUHANLIANGJIAOGAO,MsDIANJIAODI,YINERCUIHUOHOUYOUJIAODUODECANYUAOSHITI,TADUIYOUYUMASHITIERZHIDETIJIPENGZHANGYOUDIXIAOZUOYONG,YINCI,CUIHUOHOUDEBIANXINGJIUXIANGDANGXIAO,YIBANYONGKONGLENG、FENGLENG、XIAOYANYUCUIHUOSHI,MOJUXINGQIANGQUYUWEILIANGZHANGDA;RUOCUIHUOWENDUGUOGAO,ZECANYUAOSHITILIANGZENGJIA,XINGQIANGYEKENENGSUOXIAO。

RUOYONGTANSUJIEGOUGANG(RU45GANG)HUOMOUXIEHEJINJIEGOUGANG(RU40Cr)ZHIZUOMOJU,ZEYINQIMsDIANJIAOGAO,DANGBIAOMIANKAISHIMASHITIZHUANBIANSHI,XINBUWENDUSHANGJIAOGAO,QUFUQIANGDUJIAODI,YOUYIDINGDESUXING,BIAOMIANDUIXINBUDESHUNSHILASHENZUZHIYINGLI,YIYUCHAOGUOXINBUDEQUFUQIANGDUERSHIXINGQIANGQUXIANGZHANGDA。

GANGDEYUANSHIZUZHIDUICUIHUOBIANXINGYEYOUYIDINGDEYINGXIANG。ZHELISUOZHIDE“GANGDEYUANSHIZUZHI”,BAOKUOGANGZHONGJIAZAWUDEJIBIE、DAIZHUANGZUZHIJIBIE、CHENGFENDEPIANXICHENGDU、YOULITANHUAWUFENBUDEFANGXIANGXINGDENG,YIJIYOUYUBUTONGDEYUXIANRECHULIERDEDAODEBUTONGZUZHI(RUZHUGUANGTI、HUIHUOSUOSHITI、HUIHUOQUSHITIDENG)。DUIMOJUGANGLAISHUO,ZHUYAOKAOLVDESHITANHUAWUPIANXI、TANHUAWUDEXINGZHUANGHEFENBUXINGTAI。

GAOTANGAOHEJINGANG(RUCr12XINGGANG)ZHONGTANHUAWUPIANXIDUICUIHUOBIANXINGDEYINGXIANGTEBIEMINGXIAN。YOUYUTANHUAWUPIANXIZAOCHENGGANGJIAREZHIAOSHITIZHUANGTAIHOUDECHENGFENBUJUNYUNXING,YINER,BUTONGQUYUDEMsDIANJIUHUIYOUGAOYOUDI。ZAITONGYANGLENGQUETIAOJIANXIA,AOSHITIXIANGMASHITIZHUANBIANJIUYOUXIANYOUHOU,ZHUANBIANHOUDEMASHITIJIUYINHANTANLIANGBUTONGERBIRONGYOUDAYOUXIAO,SHENZHIYOUYIXIEDITAN、DIHEJINQUYUKENENGGENBENDEBUDAOMASHITI(ERDEDAOBEISHITI、QUSHITIDENG),SUOYOUZHEXIEDOUHUIZAOCHENGLINGJIANCUIHUOHOUDEBUJUNYUNBIANXING。

BUTONGDETANHUAWUFENBUXINGTAI(CHENGKELIZHUANGHUOXIANWEIZHUANGFENBU),DUIJITIZHANGSUODEYINGXIANGYEBUTONG,YINERYEHUIYINGXIANGRECHULIHOUDEBIANXING,YIBANSHISHUNZHUTANHUAWUXIANWEIFANGXIANGXINGQIANGZHANGDA,QIEJIAOXIANZHU;ERCHUIZHIYUXIANWEIFANGXIANGZESUOXIAO,DANBUXIANZHU,YOUXIECHANGWEICITEZUOLEGUIDING,XINGQIANGSUOZAIMIANYINGYUTANHUAWUXIANWEIFANGXIANGCHUIZHI,YIJIANXIAOXINGQIANGDEBIANXING,DANGTANHUAWUCHENGKELIZHUANGJUNYUNFENBUSHI,ZEXINGQIANGBIAOXIANWEIJUNYUNDEZHANGSUO。

CIWAI,ZUIZHONGRECHULIZHIQIANDEZUZHIZHUANGTAIDUIBIANXINGYEYOUYIDINGDEYINGXIANG,LIRU,YUANSHIZUZHIWEIQIUZHUANGZHUGUANGTIDEJIUBIPIANZHUANGZHUGUANGTIDEZAICUIHUOHOUBIANXINGQINGXIANGYAOXIAO。SUOYIBIANXINGYAOQIUYANGEDEMOJU,CHANGZAICUJIAGONGHOUXIANJINXINGYICIDIAOZHICHULI,RANHOUZAIJINXINGJINGJIAGONGJIZUIZHONGRECHULI。

模具幾何形狀對變形的影響

MOJUJIHEXINGZHUANGDUIRECHULIBIANXINGDEYINGXIANG,SHIJISHANGRENGSHITONGGUOREYINGLI、ZUZHIYINGLILAIQIZUOYONGDE。YOUYUMOJUDEXINGZHUANGSHIDUOZHONGDUOYANGDE,YAOCONGZHONGZONGJIECHUQUEQIEDEBIANXINGGUILV,MUQIANHUANHENKUNNAN。

DUIYUDUICHENGXINGDEMOJU,KEGENJUXINGQIANGCHICUN、WAIXINGCHICUNJIGAODULAIKAOLVXINGQIANGDEBIANXINGQINGXIANG。DANGMOJUDEBIBO、GAODUXIAOSHI,ZEJIAOYIYUCUITOU,ZHESHIYOUKENENGSHIZUZHIYINGLIQIZHUDAOZUOYONG,YINCI,XINGQIANGCHANGQUXIANGZHANGDA。FANZHI,BIHOU、GAODUDA,ZEBUYICUITOU,CISHIKENENGSHIREYINGLIQIZHUDAOZUOYONG,YINCI,XINGQIANGCHANGQUXIANGSUOXIAO。ZHELISUOSHUODESHIYIBANQUSHI,ZAISHENGCHANSHIJIANZHONG,HUANXUJIEHELINGJIANDEJUTIXINGZHUANG,SUOCAIYONGDEGANGZHONGJIRECHULIGONGYIDENGLAIJIAYIKAOLV,TONGGUOSHIJIANBUDUANZONGJIECHUJINGYANLAI。YOUYUSHIJISHENGCHANZHONG,MOJUDEWAIXINGCHICUNWANGWANGBUSHIZHUYAODEGONGZUOCHICUN,QIEBIANXINGHOUHUANKETONGGUOMOJIAGONGDENGJIAYIXIAOZHENG,SUOYISHANGMIANFENXIDEZHUYAOSHIXINGQIANGDEBIANXINGQUSHI。

DUIYUBUDUICHENGDEMOJUDEBIANXING,TONGYANGYESHIREYINGLI、ZUZHIYINGLIZONGHEZUOYONGDEJIEGUO。LIRU,DUIBOBIBOBIANDEMOJU,YOUYUMOBIBO,CUIHUOSHINEIWAIWENCHAXIAO,YINERREYINGLIXIAO;DANRONGYICUITOU,ZUZHIYINGLIJIAODA,SUOYIBIANXINGQUXIANGYUXINGQIANGZHANGDA。

WEILEJIANXIAOMOJUDEBIANXING,RECHULIBUMENYINGYUMOJUSHEJIBUMENGONGTONGYANJIU,GAISHANMOJUSHEJI,RUJINKENENGBIMIANJIEMIANDAXIAOXIANGCHAXUANSHUDEMOJUJIEGOU、MOJUXINGZHUANGLIQIUDUICHENG、FUZAMOJUYONGPINHEJIEGOUDENG。

DANGBUNENGGAIBIANMOJUXINGZHUANGSHI,WEILEJIANXIAOBIANXING,HUANKEYICAIQUYIXIEQITADECUOSHI。ZHEXIECUOSHIZONGDEKAOLVSHIGAISHANLENGQUETIAOJIAN,SHIGEBUFENDEYIJUNYUNLENGQUE;CIWAI,YEKEYIFUZHUYIGEZHONGQIANGZHICUOSHI,YIXIANZHILINGJIANDECUIHUOBIANXING。LIRU,ZENGJIAGONGYIKONG,JIUSHISHIGEBUFENJUNYUNLENGQUEDEYIGECUOSHI,JIZAIMOJUMOUXIEBUFENKAIKONG,SHIMOJUGEGEBUFENDEYIJUNYUNDILENGQUEYIJIANXIAOBIANXING。YEKEZAICUIHUOHOURONGYIZHANGDADEMOJUWAIWEIYONGSHIMIANBAOZHU,YIZENGDANEIKONGYUWAICENGDELENGQUECHAYI,SHIXINGQIANGSHOUSUO。ZAIMOJUSHANGLIUJINHUOJIAJINSHIJIANSHAOBIANXINGDEYOUYIZHONGQIANGZHICUOSHI,TATEBIESHIYONGYUXINGQIANGZHANGDADEAOMO,JICAOKOUYIZHANGDAHUOSUOXIAODEMOJU。 

熱處理工藝對模具變形的影響

1、JIARESUDUDEYINGXIANG

金巴黎彩票 YIBANLAISHUO,CUIHUOJIARESHI,JIARESUDUYUEKUAI,ZEMOJUZHONGCHANSHENGDEREYINGLIYUEDA,YIYUZAOCHENGMOJUDEBIANXINGKAILIE,YOUQIDUIYUHEJINGANGJIGAOHEJINGANG,YINQIDAOREXINGCHA,YOUXUZHUYIJINXINGYURE,DUIYUYIXIEXINGZHUANGFUZADEGAOHEJINMOJU,HUANXUCAIQUDUOCIFENJIYURE。DANZAIGEBIEQINGKUANGXIA,CAIYONGKUAISUJIAREYOUSHIFANERKEYIJIANSHAOBIANXING,ZHESHIJINJIAREMOJUDEBIAOMIAN,ERZHONGXINHUANBAOCHI“LENGTAI”,SUOYIXIANGYINGDIJIANSHAOLEZUZHIYINGLIHEREYINGLI,QIEXINBUBIANXINGKANGLIJIAODA,CONGERJIANSHAOLECUIHUOBIANXING,GENJUYIXIEGONGCHANGJINGYAN,YONGYUJIEJUEKONGJUBIANXINGFANGMIANYOUYIDINGXIAOGUO。

金巴黎彩票 2、JIAREWENDUDEYINGXIANG

CUIHUOJIAREWENDUDEGAODIYINGXIANGCAILIAODECUITOUXING,TONGSHIDUIAOSHITIDECHENGFENYUJINGLIDAXIAOQIZUOYONG。

金巴黎彩票 (1)CONGCUITOUXINGFANGMIANKAN,JIAREWENDUGAO,JIANGSHIREYINGLIZENGDA,DANTONGSHISHICUITOUXINGZENGGAO,YINCIZUZHIYINGLIYEZENGDA,BINGZHUJIANZHANZHUDAODIWEI。

金巴黎彩票 LIRU。TANSUGONGJUGANGT8、T10、T12DENG,ZAIYIBANCUIHUOWENDUCUIHUOSHI,NEIJINGBIAOXIANWEISUODEQINGXIANG,DANRUOTIGAOCUIHUOWENDUDAO≥850℃SHI,ZEYOUYUCUITOUXINGZENGDA,ZUZHIYINGLIZHUJIANZHANZHUDAODIWEI,YINERNEIJINGKENENGBIAOXIANWEIZHANGDEQINGXIANG。

(2)CONGAOSHITICHENGFENKAN,CUIHUOWENDUTIGAOSHIAOSHITIHANTANLIANGZENGJIA,CUIHUOHOUMASHITIDEZHENGFANGDUZENGDA(BIRONGZENGDA),CONGERSHICUIHUOHOUTIJIZENGDA。

(3)CONGDUIMsDIANYINGXIANGXIKAN,CUIHUOWENDUGAO,ZEAOSHITIJINGLICUDA,JIANGSHILINGJIANDEBIANXINGKAILIEQINGXIANGZENGDA。

金巴黎彩票 ZONGHESHANGSHU,DUISUOYOUDEGANGZHONG,YOUQISHIMOUXIEGAOTANDEZHONG、GAOHEJINGANG,CUIHUOWENDUDEGAODIHUIMINGXIANYINGXIANGMOJUDECUIHUOBIANXING,YINCI,ZHENGQUEXUANZECUIHUOJIAREWENDUSHIHENZHONGYAODE。

金巴黎彩票 YIBANLAISHUO,XUANZEGUOGAODECUIHUOJIAREWENDUDUIBIANXINGSHIMEIYOUHAOCHUDE。ZAIBUYINGXIANGSHIYONGXINGNENGDEQIANTIXIA,ZONGSHICAIYONGJIAODIDEJIAREWENDU。DANDUIYIXIECUIHUOHOUYOUJIAODUOCANYUAOSHITIDEGANGHAO(RUCr12MoVDENG),YEKETONGGUODIAOZHENGJIAREWENDU,GAIBIANCANYUAOSHITILIANG,YIDIAOJIEMOJUDEBIANXING。

金巴黎彩票 3、CUIHUOLENGQUESUDUDEYINGXIANG

金巴黎彩票 ZONGDELAISHUO,ZAIMsDIANYISHANGZENGDALENGSU,HUISHIREYINGLIXIANZHUZENGJIA,JIEGUOSHIREYINGLIYINQIDEBIANXINGQUXIANGZENGDA;ZAIMsDIANYIXIAZENGDALENGSUZEZHUYAOSHIZUZHIYINGLIYINQIDEBIANXINGQUXIANGZENGDA。

DUIYUBUTONGDEGANGZHONG,YOUYUMsDIANDEGAODIBUTONG,YINERZAICAIYONGTONGYICUIHUOJIEZHISHI,YOUBUTONGDEBIANXINGQUXIANG。TONGYIGANGZHONGRUCAIYONGBUTONGDECUIHUOJIEZHI,YOUYUTAMENDELENGQUENENGLIBUTONG,YINERYEYOUBUTONGDEBIANXINGQUXIANG。

LIRU,TANSUGONGJUGANGDEZAIMsDIANBIJIAODI,YINERCAIYONGSHUILENGSHI,REYINGLIDEYINGXIANGWANGWANGZHANSHANGFENG;ERCAIYONGYOULENGSHI,ZEKENENGSHIZUZHIYINGLIZHANSHANGFENG。

ZAISHIJISHENGCHANZHONG,MOJUCHANGCAIYONGFENJIHUOFENJI-DENGWENCUIHUOSHI,TONGCHANGJUNWEIWANQUANCUITOU,GUWANGWANGYIREYINGLIDEZUOYONGWEIZHU,SHIXINGQIANGQUYUSHOUSUO,BUGUOYOUYUZHESHIREYINGLIBUSHIHENDA,YINCIZONGDEBIANXINGLIANGSHIBIJIAOXIAODE。RUOCAIYONGSHUI-YOUSHUANGYECUIHUOHUOYOUCUISHI,YINQIDEREYINGLIJIAODA,XINGQIANGSHOUSUOLIANGJIANGZENGDA。

金巴黎彩票 4、HUIHUOWENDUDEYINGXIANG

金巴黎彩票 HUIHUOWENDUDUIBIANXINGDEYINGXIANG,ZHUYAOSHIYOUYUHUIHUOGUOCHENGZHONGDEZUZHIZHUANBIANSUOYINQIDE。RUOZAIHUIHUOGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENG“ERCICUIHUO”XIANXIANG,CANYUAOSHITIZHUANBIANWEIMASHITI,YOUYUSHENGCHENGDEMASHITIDEBIRONGBICANYUAOSHITIDEDA,JIANGYINQIMOJUXINGQIANGDEZHANGDA;DUIYIXIEGAOHEJINGONGJUGANGRUCr12MoVDENG,DANGYIYAOQIUHONGYINGXINGWEIZHUERCAIYONGGAOWENCUIHUO,DUOCIHUIHUOSHI,MEIHUIYICIHUO,TIJIJIUZHANGDAYICI。

RUOZAIQITAWENDUQUYUHUIHUO,YOUYUCUIHUOMASHITIXIANGHUIHUOMASHITI(HUOHUIHUOSUOSHITI、HUIHUOQUSHITIDENG)ZHUANBIAN,BIRONGJIANXIAO,YINER,XINGQIANGQUXIANGYUSHOUSUO。

LINGWAI,HUIHUOSHI,MOJUZHONGDECANYUYINGLIDESONGCHI,DUIBIANXINGYEYOUYINGXIANG。MOJUCUIHUOHOU,RUOBIAOMIANCHUYULAYINGLIZHUANGTAI,HUIHUOHOUCHICUNJIANGZENGDA;FANZHI,RUOBIAOMIANCHUYUYAYINGLIZHUANGTAI,ZECHANSHENGSHOUSUO。DANZUZHIZHUANBIANJIYINGLISONGCHILIANGXIANGYINGXIANGZHONG,QIANZHESHIZHUYAODE。

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